Skill Dev. Initiatives
Skill Development/Upgradation Initiatives
The Skill Development Initiatives (SDI) are basically aimed at persons in rural areas looking for wage employment or livelihood opportunities both through group or individual activities. SDI also envisage to develop, upgrade or diversify the existing skills of the trainees.
a) It is necessary that SDI are taken as a part of well defined project. Isolated initiatives without other support services which are adequately available in RNFS promotional bouquet may be avoided. Upgradation or repeat SDI may be conducted wherever necessary for sustainability and value addition for the target group.
b) In many cases it is observed that organisers of SDI do not have machinery/ workshops for skill development. It is also appreciated that NGO & Civil Society Organisation can not have technical personnel for skill development training in many trades. It will therefore, be desirable to associate technical institutes in public and private sectors as well as existing entrepreneurs trained by organisers.
Support of established businessmen could also be solicited for training of candidates in the existing units. The support of Rural Financial Institutions which have close relationship with trade and industry could be effective and useful.
Members/family members of credit or economic activity groups, individuals associated with farm / non-farm activities including service sector, artisans, unemployed youths, unskilled/ semiskilled labourers are eligible for support under the initiative. Specific target groups such as ex-servicemen, retired/disabled soldiers and war widows and disadvantaged groups such as rag pickers, prisoners released from Jails could be supported. This is, however, only an indicative list.
The selection of the candidates for coverage under SDI has to be with approval of a Committee comprising the representative of the Agency, DDM/ DDO of NABARD and the LBO of the District.
Duration of training
The duration of the SDI may be firmed up as per requirement and the indicative costs as furnished below:
Maximum Cost (Amt. in Rupees)**
upto 2 weeks
above 6 weeks
(* the number of days indicated above are for full time training of 6-7 hours duration per day
**the above limits are worked out for a group of maximum 20 participants and to be proportionately reduced, if number of participants is less.)
Although the SDI aims at providing the technical skill, a broad based entrepreneurship component including the aspects relating to Personality Development and business awareness etc. which lead to confidence building of the trainee may be included.
An illustrative list of the skill development initiatives being undertaken by some of the institutions in rural areas.
No.of trainees per programme
Each training programme may have a minimum number of 15 trainees. It may however be ensured that costs are worked out accordingly.
Rural Financial Institutions, Civil Society Organisations, Local Self Governing Bodies such as PRI, Training Institutions, Master craftsmen/women, Business Associations (which can provide on-the-job training with the existing units) and semi government organisations will be eligible for support.
The agency /trainees shall contribute 10% of the cost as its contribution either in monetary or non-monetary terms. In case the skill development initiative is organised by the agency in association with any other institution, the specific contribution of the agency may be waived.
Sanction/Release of Grant assistance
The grant assistance shall be released in instalments arrived at on the basis of mutual consultation but keeping at least 15% of the amount to be disbursed after 2 months from the completion of training and on receipt of feed back from the agency and comments from DDM/DDO.
Monitoring of SDI
The monitoring of the SDI will be done by the DDM and /or RO Officer deputed for the purpose in the first week and the last week of the class-room training Programme. The visiting officer will submit a report for the purpose.
Within one week of the completion of the SDI, the Agency will have to submit the SDI Completion Report ( SDICR) giving highlights and effectiveness of the Programme conducted. The Agency will submit the SDI Utility Report (SDIUR) on the Programme by taking the on-the job feedback from the individual beneficiaries covered under the intervention. The balance amount of 15% of the Cost will be released only after such a report is received from the Agency by the RO.
Impact of the programmes can be measured in terms of number of wage earners and self employment. Besides the statistical data, it will be necessary to conduct quality assessment of the programme either in house or by out sourcing to find out utility and feedback to refine the approach to the training programmes.
Items of expenditure that can be considered under SDI
- Cost of pre-training survey
- Selection of candidates
- Inauguration and valediction
- Rent for the training hall
- Reading material for trainees
- Took kit
- Lodging and boarding, if arranged by the NGO.
- Stipend wherever considered necessary
- Raw material
- Hire charges for machines and other teaching aids, if not owned by the agency
- Electricity charges
- Honorarium for trainer-motivator, guest faculty, coordinator
- Exposure visit of trainees
- Over head cost (10% of the training budget)
- Expenditure on follow up/escort services
Sale proceeds of the items made by trainees during training